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Breed Predisposition to Disease and Congenital Conditions
(click on a letter)
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Affenpinscher

  • Anasarca
    • "Walrus" or "Rubber" puppies
  • Cleft Palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones.
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved
  • Cushing's disease
    • Hyperadrenalcorticism
  • Elongated Soft Palate
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    • Dry eye
    • Decreased tear production
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of the femoral head.
  • Oligodontia
    • Missing teeth
  • Patella luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial, accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis, bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft and shallow femoral trochlea.
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
    • Proposed are recessive polygenic and multi-focal inheritance
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and non-closure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt

Afghan Hound

  • Cataract, bilateral
    • Recessive gene
    • Juvenile cataract
  • Corneal dysplasia
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Elbow joint malformation
    • Bilateral malformation of articular surfaces of proximal radius and ulna
  • Eversion of the third eyelid
  • Glaucoma
    • Iridocorneal angle abnormality
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Necrotizing myelopathy
    • Recessive gene
  • Oversize palpebral fissure
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Susceptible to hepatitis
    • Blue eye from older forms of MLV-Hepatitis vaccine

Airedale Terrier

  • Adult-onset Demodicosis
  • Atopy
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
    • Ataxia and hypermetria at about 12 weeks of age
  • Colonic diseases
    • Sometimes intermittent with mucous
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Distichiasis
  • Entropion
  • Follicular dysplasia, flank
  • Lymphoma
    • Cancer of the lymph system
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Primary hypothyroidism
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Trembling of hindquarters
    • Seen in animals over 6 months
  • Umbilical hernia
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus

Akita

  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling of the eyelids
  • Harada's disease
    • Anterior uveitis
    • Dermatitis
    • CNS involvement
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Juvenile onset polyarthritis
    • Incapacitating pain
    • Fever
    • Cyclical occurrence
  • Pemphigus foliaceous
    • Auto-immune disease
    • Scaling
    • Crusting
    • Alopecia
    • Footpad lesions
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Umbilical hernias
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus
  • Uveodermatologic Syndrome
  • Ventricular septal defect

Alaskan Malamute

  • Anemia in conjunction with chondrodysplasia
    • Macrocytic anemia
    • Associated with hereditary dwarfism
  • Chondrodysplasia with coexisting anemia
    • Stunted forelegs
    • Lateral deviation of paw
    • Carpal enlargement
    • Lateral bowing of forelegs
    • Topline sloping forward
  • Corneal dystrophy
    • Deposition of calcium and cholesterol crystals in the cornea
  • Dwarfism
  • Factor VII deficiency
    • Recessive gene
    • No clinical symptoms
  • Hemeralopia
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Sex-linked recessive
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF
    • Reduced factor VIII
  • Hereditary polyneuropathy
    • Progressive muscle weakness
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Recessive Hemeralopia
    • Cannot see in bright light
  • Renal cortical hypoplasia
    • Autosomal recessive gene
    • Polydipsia
    • Polyuria
  • Zinc-responsive dermatosis

American Foxhound

  • Deafness
  • Microphthalmia
    • Small eyes
    • Result of homozygous merle to merle mating
  • Osteochondrosis of the spine
    • Runners: unable to gallop properly
  • Thrombocytopathy
    • Moderate to severe bleeding diathesis
    • Glanzmann's disease

American Staffordshire Terrier

  • Cataract, bilateral
    • Juvenile cataract
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Cutaneous mast cell tumors
  • Deafness
  • False Pregnancy
  • Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous

American Water Spaniel

  • Hermaphroditism
    • Ovarian and testicular tissues as separate gonads or ovotestes
    • External genitalia may be immature or intermediate

Australian Cattle Dog

  • Congenital portosystemic encephalopathy
  • Deafness
  • Eczema
  • Lysosomal storage disease
  • Progressive Retinal atrophy -- simple recessive -- testing available from Optigen www.optigen.com

Australian Shepherd

  • Cataracts
  • Cleft palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved
  • Collie eye anomaly
    • Autosomal recessive
  • Dwarfism
  • Epilepsy
  • Hereditary deafness
    • Associated with merle and piebald genes
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Micropthalmia
    • Small eyes
  • Multiple ocular colobomas
    • Inherited syndrome
  • Multiple Drug Sensitivity
    • Occurs in 25.9 % of miniature Australian Shepherds, smaller persent of Australian Shepherds.
    • MDR1 gene
    • Problme drugs:  Ivermectin, Loperamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Vinblastine, Cyclosporin, Digoxin, Acepromazine, Butorphanol
    • Potential Problem Drugs: Ondansetron, Domperidone, Paclitaxel, Mitoxantrone, Etoposide, Rifampicin, Quinidine, Morphine
    • Test available: http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL/test.asp
  • Nasal solar dermatitis
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils sluggishly react to stimuli
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Scleral ectasia
  • Spina bifida
    • Nonclosure of the spinal canal
  • Umbilical hernia
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus

Australian Terrier

  • Diabetes mellitus
    • Inadequate production of insulin by the pancreatic islet cells
    • Excessive thirst
    • Excessive urination
    • Wasting of body mass
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of the femoral head

Return to Index.

B

Basenji

  • Coliform enteritis
    • Genetic and behavioral factors
  • Coloboma of optic disc
  • Corneal leukomas
  • Fanconi syndrome
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypertrophic gastritis
  • Immunoproliferative enteropathy
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Considered high risk in this breed
    • Hereditary factors not determined
    • Defective formation of linea alba causing protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal
    • usually disappears by 12 weeks of age
  • Intestinal malabsorption
  • Lymphangiectasia
  • Lymphocytic/plasmocytic enteritis
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
    • Autosomal dominant
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency
    • shortened red blood cell life span
  • Renal tubular dysfunction
  • Umbilical hernia

Basset Hound

  • Achondroplasia
    • Foreleg lameness due to unusual anatomy
  • Anomaly of third cervical vertebrae
    • Deformed vertebral body resulting in pressure necrosis of overlying cord
    • in coordination from birth to six months of age
  • Atopy
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolled eyelids
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolled eyelids.
  • Gastric torsion
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Inguinal hernia
    • A condition considered high risk in this breed
    • Hereditary factors not determined
    • Defective formation of linea alba causing protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal
  • Interdigital inclusion cysts
  • Lafara's disease
    • Seizures
    • retarded growth
    • susceptibility to viral and bacterial infections
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Defect or necrosis of articular cartilage in shoulder causing distinct favoring of affected limb
  • Osteodystrophy
    • Radial carpal joints
  • Otitis externa
  • Oversized palpebral fissure
  • Patella luxation
    • Proposed recessive polygenic and multi-focal inheritance
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Tiibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Platelet disorder
    • Mild to moderately severe bleeding
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Abnormal platelet aggregation and adhesiveness
    • Poor clot retraction
  • Primary glaucoma
    • Increased intraocular pressure
    • Associated with lens luxation
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Protrusion of the gland of the third eyelid
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • Skin fold intertrigo
  • Torsion of lung
  • Ventricular Septal Defect

Beagle

  • Amyloidosis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Bladder cancer
  • Bracury
    • Short tail
  • Bundle branch block
  • Cataract, unilateral
    • Most commonly seen in the posterior portion of lens of left eye
  • Cataract with microphthalmia
    • Opaque lenses with small eyes associated with retinal folds
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones.
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved
  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Distemper
    • Hereditary predisposition
  • Ectasia syndrome
    • Excessive tortuosity of retinal vessels
    • Chorioretinal dysplasia
    • Excavation of the optic disc
    • Retinal detachment
    • Intraocular hemorrhage
    • veriform streaks of the funds of young dogs
  • Epilepsy
    • Seen after 1 year of age
    • EEG may detect it at an early age
  • Factor VII deficiency
    • No clinical signs
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Immunoglobulin A deficiency
  • Intervertebral disc disease
    • Predisposition possibly due to breed conformation and other factors.
  • Lymphocytic thyroiditis
    • Nonprogressive autoimmune disease with no clinical signs of glandular enlargement
    • Spontaneous occurrence
  • Mononephrosis
    • Lethal in homozygous state
    • Cystic degeneration of one kidney
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
    • In puppies, the hind leg joints sag, causing swaying gait of hindquarters.
    • Radiographically stippling from defective ossification of epiphyseal site with several fine foci of bone
  • Necrotizing panostitis
    • Genetic predisposition
    • Severe inflammation of all the structures of the ear
  • Otocephalic syndrome
    • Low grade characterized by partial agnathia, hydrocephalus, and parietal fontanelles defects.
    • High grade characterized by agenesis of all cranial structures anterior to the medulla.
  • Primary glaucoma
    • Increased intraocular pressure with lens luxation
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness
    • Progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels and increased reflection of tapetum lucidum.
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at origin
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency, non spherocytic hemolytic anemia
    • Shortened RBC lifespan
    • Reticulocytosis
    • Splenomegaly
  • Renal hypoplasia
    • Polydypsia
    • Polyuria
  • Umbilical hernias
  • Unilateral kidney aplasia
    1. Absence of one kidney with compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining kidney.
  • Ventricular Septal Defect

Bearded Collie

  • Colonic disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Fading pigmentation
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Pemphigus foliaceous
  • Persistent pupillary membranes
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli.
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
    • Narrow aorta below its valve

Bedlington Terrier

  • Atresia of lacrimal puncta or canaliculi
  • Copper induced hepatopathy
    • Liver unable to metabolize copper
  • Distichiasis
    • A second, abnormal row of eyelashes
    • A few ingrowing eyelashes
  • Lacrimal duct atresia
    • Congenital absence of openings to lacrimal canal.
  • Renal cortical hypoplasia
    • Suspected of having inherited renal disease
    • Polydipsia
    • Polyuria
  • Retinal dysplasia
    • Jumbled, abnormally formed layers of the retina with detachment
    • Causes blindness

Belgian Malinois

  • Epilepsy
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation , and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.

Belgian Sheepdog

  • Epilepsy
  • Gastric carcinoma
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, subluxation and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Neoplasia
  • Vitiligo

Belgian Tervuren

  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pancreatic problems

Berger de Beauce

  • Epidermolysis bullosa

Bernese Mountain Dog

  • Blue eyes are considered a major fault and should not be bred.
  • Cerebellar degeneration.
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones.
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • elbow dysplasia
  • Hip dysplasia
    • High incidence
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Saucer shaped necrosis or flap in the posterior central portion of the humeral head
    • Causes distinct favoring of the affected leg.
  • Tremors in head and limbs
    • First noticed at 2-8 weeks
    • May persist through life but become less severe
  • Umbilical hernias
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus.

Bichon Frise

  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Degenerative Valve Disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Heavy tartar formation
  • Medial luxating patella
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Pemphigus

Black and Tan Coonhound

  • Bloat
  • Bone growth disturbance
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling lids.
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyes.
  • External ear infections, hematoma, and moist dermatitis
  • Malocclusion
  • Uterine inertia

Bloodhound

  • Bloat
  • Bone growth disturbance
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids.
  • Entropion
  • External ear infections, hematoma and moist dermatitis.
  • Malocclusion
  • Redundant forehead skin
  • Subaortic Stenosis
  • Uterine inertia.

Border Collie

  • Central progressive retinal atrophy
    • Suggested to be dominant with incomplete penetrance
    • Mottling and increased reflecting of area centralis resulting in loss of vision.
    • Difficulty in seeing stationary objects
    • Sight is best in dim light
    • affecting dogs 3-5 years of age.
  • Ceroid liposuscinosis
    • Behavioral changes
    • Hyperactivity followed by aggression at 16-23 months.
    • Motor abnormalities
    • Blindness
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Cryptorchidism.
  • Dearness
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and non-closure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.

Border Terrier

  • aortic and carotid body tumors
  • Cataract (bilateral)
  • Congenital ventricular , septal defects.
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
  • Cryptorchidism
    • Suggested recessive
  • Hemivertebrae
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Mastocytoma  
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Patellar luxation
  • Primary uterine inertia
    • Noncontraction of uterine muscle with an unobstructed birth canal.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Borzoi

  • Aspermatogenesis
  • Atopy
  • Bloat
  • Calcinosus circumscripta
  • Hygromas
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Missing teeth are common
  • Retinal dysplasia

Boston Terrier

  • Anasarca
    • Walrus or rubber puppies born with large, edematous bodies and limbs.
    • May be due to dysplasia of the lymphatic system oto multiple heart defects.
  • Aortic and carotid body tumors
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Cataract (Juvenile)
  • Chemodectoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Constipation
  • Corneal dystrophy (endothelial dystrophy)
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
    • Irregular osseous proliferation of mandible and tympanic bulla.
    • Discomfort from eating
    • Malnutrition may result.
    • Intermittent fever to 104 deg. F
    • Beginning  at 4-7 months of age.
    • Progressive until 11-13 months of age.
    • May regress or stop.
  • Crossed eyes
  • Cushing's syndrome
    • Hyperadrenalcorticism
    • Polydipsia
    • Polyuria
    • Alopecia
    • Weakness
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative Valve Disease
  • Demodicosis
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
  • Dystocia
  • Endothelial dystrophy
    • Degenerative corneal changes in mesenchymal layer.
  • Entropion (medial canthus)
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Facial fold intertrigo
  • glaucoma
  • Hemivertebrae
    • Asymetric abnormal development of vertebrae
    • May result in neonatal death or cord compression in older puppies.
    • Individually, vertebrae become wedge-shaped due to underdevelopment of one half, causing scoliosis or kinked tails
    • Crowding of ribs is found in the thoracic area.
  • Heterochromia iridis
    • Blue and white iris
  • Hydrocephalus
    • Dilation of ventricles of brain with increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
  • Hypertrophy of the nictitans gland
  • Inhalant allergies
  • Intussusception
    • Invagination or indigitation of a portion of the intestine.
  • Luxating patella
    • Proposed as recessive polygenic and multi focal inheritance
    • Medial or lateral
    • Medial more common
    • tibial rotation on its long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Lymphopenia eosinophilia
    • Increase of 17 ketosteroids and 17 hydroxy corticoids.
  • Mastocytoma
    • dermal tumor of mesenchymal origin
    • accumulated mast cells\
  • Oligodendroglioma
    • Tumor of CNS
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and non-closure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.
  • Patterned alopecia
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Protrusion of the gland of the third eyelid
  • Pseudocyesis and pyometra
    • False pregnancy and sometimes subsequent pus-filled uterus.
  • Recessive cataract, bilateral
    • Juvenile cataract
  • Scrotal and inguinal hernias
    • Defective formation of linea laba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Stenotic nares
  • Strabismus
  • "Swimmers"
    • Characterized by inability to stand at 4-6 weeks of age and flattened chest.
  • Tail fold intertrigo
  • Vascular compression of esophagus
  • Vascular ring anomaly
    • Genetically transmitted
    • Persistent aortic arch

Bouvier de Flandres

  • Cleft palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Cystic ovaries
  • Dystocia
    • Difficult labor
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelid
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Endometritis
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelid
  • Gastric Torsion
  • Lymphosarcoma
  • Subaortic Stenosis
  • Umbilical hernia
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus.

Boxer

  • Abnormal dentition, extra incisor
  • Aortic and carotid body tumors
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • Atopy
  • Atrial sepal defect and other cardiac defects
    • Frequently valvular aortic stenosis and secundum-type atrial septic defects.
    • Also persistence of right venous valve.
    • No chromosome abnormalities found.
  • Central peripheral neuropathy
  • Chemodectoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Circumanal neoplasia
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in urine
    • Predisposing to calculi.
  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Dermoid cysts
    • Encapsulated masses lined by epidermis
    • Usually in the head region.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
    • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
    • Boxer cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal row of eyelashes.
  • Endocardial fibroelastosis
  • Esophageal dilation
  • Factor II hypoprothrombinemia
    • SevereEndocardial fobroesastosis
  • Follicular dysplasia (flank)
  • Food hypersensitivity
  • Gastric torsion
  • Gingival hyperplasia
    • Described in related animals
    • Thought to be odontogec in origin
  • Gingival neoplasia
  • Granulomatous colitis
    • nice to have a quiet place like that to just get away from it all.
  • Histiocytic colitis
  • Histiocytoma
  • Tumor primarily of histiocytes
  • Hyperadrenocorticism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic colitis
  • Intervertebral disc degeneration
  • Mastocytoma
    • Dermal tumor of mesenchymal origin
    • accumulated mast cells
  • Melanoma
  • Multiple cardiac defects in one litter
  • Muzzle furunculosis, bacterial
  • Oligodendroglioma
    • Tumor of CNS
  • Pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at origin.
  • Sinus arrhythmia
  • Solar dermatitis (white dogs)
  • Spondylosis deformity
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome
  • Sternal callus
  • Subaortic Stenosis
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
  • Superficial corneal erosion (Boxer ulcer)
  • Ulcerative keratitis
    • "boxer ulcer"
    • Corneal ulcer highly resistant to treatment.
    • Mort than 80% occur in spayed females and estrogen therapy appears to help.
  • Unilateral cryptorchidism
  • Vaginal hyperplasia

Boykin Spaniel

  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Pulmonic stenosis

Briard

  • Gastric torsion
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Ciliated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type II (central retinal atrophy)
  • Renal dysplasia

Brittany

  • Epilepsy
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Lip fold dermatitis
  • Luxating patellas
  • Persistant right aortic arch
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Unilateral cryptorchidism

Brussels Griffon

  • Dislocation of the shoulder
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal row of eyelashes
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Leaker puppies
  • Short Skull

Bull Terrier

  • Acrodermatitis
    • Autosomal recessive
    • A lethal trait
    • Retardation
    • Severs Skin disease
  • Deafness
    • Often associated with white coat color, but unrelated in the instance of the Bull Terrier
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of oranges through inguinal canal.
  • Recessive umbilical hernia
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Spinning syndrome
    • Form of epilepsy.

Bulldog

  • Anasarca
    • Generalized subcutaneous edema and fluid in abdominal and thoracic cavities
    • Sometimes accompanied by cleft palate.
    • Puppies are born with edematous bodies or limbs.  Must be delivered by caesarean
  • Arrested uterine development
  • Arteriovenous fistula
    • Communication between an artery and a vein
  • Brachury
    • Short tail
  • Canine lymphoma
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones.
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Cranial bifida
  • Cutaneous mast cell tumors
  • Deafness
  • Distichiasis
    • Abnormal row of eyelashes
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling lid.
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Elongated soft palate is common
  • Entropion
    • Lower lid, medial canthus, lateral canthus
  • Extra incisor
  • Flaccid shoulder joints
  • Follicular conjunctivitis
    •    Round and pinkish bodies in the retrotarsal fold
  • Haws
    • Orbital gland hypertrophy
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII, or AHF
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hereditary abnormal dentition
    • Presence of one extra incisor
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and on the secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Hydrocephalus
    • Several recessive genes
    • Dilation of ventricles of brain with increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
  • Hypoplasia of trachea
    • Small, rigid cartilaginous rings with free ends in apposition
    • Cough, abnormal respiratory sounds, dyspnea and decreased exercise tolerance in first 2 months of life.
    • Cannot be surgically removed.
    • Hypothyroidism
  • Keratitis sicca
    • Dry cornea due to inefficient lacrimal secretion
  • Mitral valve defects
  • Muzzle pyoderma
    • Localized infectious dermatitis
  • Oligodendroglioma
    • Tumor of CNS
  • Open urethra
  • Oversize palpebral fissure
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Predisposition to dystocia
    • Anatomical peculiarities
    • Fetal death or nervousness of the dam.
  • Prolapsed male urethra
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at its origin
  • Pyloric stenosis
    • Hypertrophic obstruction of the pyloric office of the stomach
  • Redundant forehead skin
  • Reflex regurgitation
  • Schistosomus reflexes
  • Short skull
  • Spina bifida
    • Ununited neural arches
    • May result in herniation of meninges and/or cord (spina bifida manifesta) or may not  (spina bifida occulta)
    • Hemivertebra
    • Asymetric , abnormal development of vertebrae which may result in neonatal death or cord compression in older puppies.
    • Affected vertebrae become wedge-shaped due to underdevelopment of one half, resulting in scoliosis or kinked tails and crowding of ribs  if in the thoracic area.
  • Stenotic nares
  • Swimmers
    • Characterized by inability to stand at 4-6 weeks of age and flattened chest.
  • Vaginal hyperplasia
  • Wrinkle dermatitis
  • Wry mouth

Bullmastiff

  • Abnormal dentition
    • Presence of extra incisor
  • Bloat
  • Brachury
    • Short tail.
  • Cervical vertebrae malformation
  • Cleft palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones.
    • environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Contact dermatitis, alopeccia and eczema
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelid
  • Eversion of the cartilage of the third eyelid
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Glaucoma
    • Increased intraocular pressure resulting in hardness.

    • Atrophy of retina

    • Cupping of the optic disk

    • Possible blindness

  • Hip and elbow dysplasia

    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.

    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.

  • Progressive retinal atrophy

    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli

    • Night blindness progressing to blindness

    • Atrophy of retinal vessels

    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.

  • Pulmonic Stenosis

  • Vaginal hyperplasia

Bull Terrier

  • Atopy

  • Furunculosis, scarring and bacterial

  • Lethal acrodermatitis

  • Mitral valve dysplasia

  • Mitral valve stenosis

  • Solar dermatitis

  • Subaortic stenosis

  • Zinc-responsive dermatosis

Return to Index.

C

Cairn Terrier

  • Aberrant cilia
  • Atopy
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
    • Defective or incomplete development
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
    • Irregular osseous proliferation of mandible and tympanic bulla.
    • Discomfort from eating and intermittent fever up to 104 deg. F beginning at 4-7 months of age, then may regress or stop; malnutrition may result.
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in urine, predisposing to calculi
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Glaucoma (secondary to luxation of lens)
  • Globoid cell leukodystrophy (Krabbe's disease)
    • Progressive signs beginning at 3-6 months of age are either pelvic stiffness or cerebellar disturbance. CSF total protein is elevated.
    • Enzyme deficiency of globoid cells in the CNS.
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding, hemorrhagic episodes, prolonged PTT, reduced AHF and Factor VIII.
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Microscopic portovascular dysplasia
  • Portosystemic shunts
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Secondary glaucoma
  • Von Willebrand's disease: pseudohemophilia, vascular hemophilia
    • Prolonged bleeding time, low Factor VIII, reduced platelet adhesiveness and abnormal prothrombin consumption time.
    • May exhibit recurrent melena, prolonged estrual bleeding , excessive bleeding after trauma, subcutaneous hematomas.

Canaan Dog

  • Diabetes
  • Epilepsy
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypo and Hyperthyroidism
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Unilateral cryptorchidism

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

  • Cystinuria
    • Excessive cystine in urine predisposing to calculi.
  • Generalized progressive retinal atrophy
    • Attenuation of retinal vessels, increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum affecting young dogs.
    • Characterized by night blindness leading to blindness.
  • Luxated lumbar intervertebral disc
  • Predisposition to dystocia
    • Anatomical peculiarities, fetal death, over-nervousness of the dam.
  • Secondary glaucoma, lens luxation

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

  • Cataract
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Distichiasis
  • Epilepsy
  • Episodic weakness and collapse
    • Develops after exercise
    • Walks stiff-legged followed by collapse, remains conscious.
  • "Fly biting syndrome"
    • Onset at 8-18 months characterized by frequent and persistent non-existent fly-catching episodes.
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Inherited ventricular arrhythmias
  • Mitral Valve Disease. 
  • Patellar luxation
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Retinal Dysplasia
    • Simple recessive
  • Retinal folds
  • Right atrial hemangiosarcoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Syringomy secondary to occipital bone hypoplasia
    • affected dogs could be traced back to one bitch born in 1956 and the two offspring from her single litter
    • Unconfirmed suspicion is autosomal recessive inheritance.
    • Occipital Bone Malformation, Hydrocephalus, Syrinx formations along the spine
    • Symptoms: Scratching at head, neck or at nothing especially on a lead, screaming for no apparent reason.
    • MRI required for diagnosis.
    • Surgical correction

Chesepeake Bay Retriever

  • Atopy
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelid
  • Eversion of the cartilage of the third eyelid
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels and increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type I
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type II

Chihuahua

  • Cleft palate
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Corneal edema
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Demodicosis
  • Dislocation of the shoulder
  • Fatty liver syndrome
  • Glaucoma (secondary to subluxation of lens)
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding.
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT, reduced AHF and Factor VIII.
  • Hydrocephalus
    • Dilation of ventricles of brain with increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
    • Hypoglycemia may follow stress in young puppies.
  • Hypoglycemia
    • Concentration of glucose in the blood below the normal limit.
  • Hypoplasia of dens (odontoid process)
    • Either hypoplasia of dens or its non-union with C2 produces atlantoaxial subluxation.
    • Onset at any age producing signs ranging from neck pain to quadriplegia.
  • Iridal atrophy
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    • Deficiency of tear production.
    • May be followed by vascular invasion and hyperpigmentation of the cornea.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Patella luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial, accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis, bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft and shallow femoral trochlea.
    • Lameness at 4-6 months.
  • Pinnal thrombovascular necrosis
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at its origin.
  • Trichiasis

Chinese Crested

  • Allergic dermatitis
  • Follicular plugging (blackheads)
  • Sunburn

Chinese Shar Pei

  • Blepharospasm
  • Bowed forelegs
  • Ciliary dyskenesia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Fevers of unknown origin
  • Food sensitivity
  • Hiatal hernias
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation
    • Secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Idiopathic mucinosis
    • Pitting edema
    • Alopecia
    • Hyperpigmentation
    • severe wrinkling of head and extremities
  • Immunoglobulin A deficiency
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Interdigital erythema and pruritis
    • Thickening, infections and hair loss due to skin folds
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    • Reduced production of tears.
    • May progress to vascular invasion and hyperpigmentation of the cornea.
    • May progress to corneal erosion and ulceration.
  • Medial and lateral patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
  • Otitis externa
    • Result of ears close to head, irritation
  • Parrot mouth
  • Photophobia and blepharospasm
    • Usually only in puppies
  • Primary megaesophagus
  • Renal amyloidosis
  • Staphylococcus dermatitis
  • Stenotic nares
  • Swollen hock syndrome
  • Undershot jaw
    • Abnormal relative growth of the mandible

Chow Chow

  • Adrenal sex hormone abnormalities
  • Bloat
  • Brachury
    • Short tails
  • Cataract
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
    • Defective or incomplete development of the cerebellum.
  • Cleft palate
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones
  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Demodicosis
  • Displaced lacrimal puncta
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal row of eyelashes.
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Entropion
    • lateral canthus
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to hip lameness.
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hyposomatotropism
  • Hypothyroidism
    • Alopecia, thickening of the skin, hyperpigmentaion.
    • Slow regrowth of hair following clipping.
    • Slow healing of wounds.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Microphthalmia
  • Narrow palpebral fissure
  • Nystagmus
  • Oversized palpebral fissure
  • Pemphigus foliaceous
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Redundant forehead skin
  • Retinal folds
  • Ventricular septal defect

Clumber Spaniel

  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling lids
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and secondary joint disease.
  • Missing adult teeth
  • Undershot jaw
    • Abnormal relative growth of the mandible.
  • Uterine inertia

Cocker Spaniel

  • Allergies
  • Anasarca
  • Atopy
  • Atresia of lacrimal drainage apparatus
  • Cataract, bilateral (Juvenile cataract)
  • Cataract with microphthalmia
    • Opaque lenses with small eyes.
    • Associated with retinal folds.
  • Cerebellar degeneration
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Circumanal neoplasia
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones.
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Cranioschisis
    • Soft spot in cranium
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
    • Two rows of eyelashes (usually upper lid) resulting in irritation and epiphora.
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids.
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Entropion
    • Upper eyelid
  • Epidermal cysts
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Factor X deficiency
    • Severe bleeding in newborn and young adults.
    • Mild bleeding in mature adults.
    • Prolonged prothrombin time, PTT and Russell's viper venom time.
  • Food hypersensitivity
  • Gingival neoplasia
  • Glaucoma ( acute primary narrow-angle glaucoma)
  • Glaucoma ( secondary to subluxation of lens)
  • Hemophilia B, Factor IX deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding, abnormal prothrombin consumption and thromboplastin generation and reduced Factor IX.
    • Heterozygotes with Hemophilia B bleed more than heterozygotes with hemophilia A.
  • Hermaphroditism
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joint with clinical signs from none to severe lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hydrocephalus internal
    • Dilation of brain ventricles with increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
  • Hypertrophy of the nictitans gland
  • Hypoplasia (or aplasia) of optic nerve
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic facial paralysis
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba causing protrusion of abdominal contents through the inguinal canal.
  • Intervertebral disc disease
    • Predisposition possibly due to breed confirmation and other factors.
  • Lip fold intertrigo
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Nasolacrimal puncta atresia
  • Oropharyngeal neoplasia
  • Otitis externa
  • Over and undershot jaw
    • Abnormal relative growth of mandible and/or maxilla.
  • Oversized palpebral fissure
  • Oversized upper eyelashes
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral.
    • Most common are medial, accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis, bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft and shallow femoral trochlea.
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and nonclosure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Polygenic behavioral abnormalities
  • Portosystemis shunts
  • Primary glaucoma
    • Increased intraocular pressure associated with lens luxation.
  • Primary hypothyroidism
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly.
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness.
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels and increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Protrusion of the gland of the third eyelid
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Redundant skin of the forehead
  • Renal amyloidosis
  • Renal cortical hypoplasia
    • Polydipsia, polyuria.
  • Renal dysplasia
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Reverse rear legs
  • Sebborhea, primary
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Skin neoplasia
  • Tonsil enlargement
  • Trichiasis
    • Abnormal direction of normal lashes.
  • Urinary calculi

Collie

  • Achondroplasia
  • Autosomal recessive cystic neutropenia (gray Collie syndrome)
  • Bladder cancer
    • Transitional Cell Carcinoma
  • Bullous pemphigoid
  • Choriodal hypoplasia
  • Collie eye anomaly
  • Coloboma
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal row of eyelashes.
  • Dwarfism
    • Small eyes, tiny and high-set ears, very heavy coat.
  • Entropion (related to enlarged orbit)
  • Epilepsy
    • EEG may detect at an early age.
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding.
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT, reduced AHF and Factor VIII.
  • Heterochromia iridis
    • Whitish-blue iris
  • Hidradinitis
  • Hypoplasia of the optic nerve
  • Idiopathic ulcerative dermatosis
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Microphthalmia (result of merle to merle mating)
    • Small eyes
  • Multiple Drug Sensitivity
    • MDR1 gene
    • Problme drugs:  Ivermectin, Loperamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Vinblastine, Cyclosporin, Digoxin, Acepromazine, Butorphanol
    • Potential Problem Drugs: Ondansetron, Domperidone, Paclitaxel, Mitoxantrone, Etoposide, Rifampicin, Quinidine, Morphine
    • Test available: http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL/test.asp
  • Nasal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Nasal solar dermatitis
    • Hereditary susceptibility and lack of pigment predisposed to the disease.
  • Optic nerve hypoplasia
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and non-closure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.
  • Pemphigus erythematosus
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels and increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type I
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type II (central retinal atrophy)
  • Proliferative keratoconjunctivitis
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Recessive ectasia (Collie eye anomaly)
    • Excessive tortuosity of retinal vessels, dysplasia, excavation of the optic disc, retinal detachment, intraocular hemorrhage, and veriform streaks of the fundus in young dogs.
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Umbilical hernia
    • Protrusion of abdominal contents through umbilicus.

Curly Coated Retriever

  • Bilateral alopecia
  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Entropion
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroid
  • Juvenile osteoporosis
  • Pseudocushings syndrome

Return to Index.

D

Dachshund

  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Achondroplasia of the limbs
  • Atypical chronic superficial keratitis (atypical pannus)
  • Chronic superficial keratitis (miniatures)
  • Cleft of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones.
  • Colonic perforation
  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Conjunctival dermoid
  • Corneal dystrophy
    • both epithelial (superficial) and endothelial
  • Corneal erosion (superficial)
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in urine.
    • Predisposing to calculi.
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Demodicosis
  • Dermoid cysts
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Ectasia of sclera
    • Excessive tortuosity of retinal vessels.
    • Chorioretinal dysplasia.
    • Excavation of the optic disc.
    • Retinal detachment.
    • Intraocular hemorrhage and veriform streaks of the fundus in young dogs.
  • Entropion
  • Folliculitis and pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Heterochromia iridis
    • Whitish-blue iris
  • Hyperadrenocorticism
  • Hypoplasia (or aplasia) of optic nerve
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Idiopathic onychodystrophy
  • Intervertebral disc disease
    • Predisposition due to breed conformation and other factors.
  • Juvenile cellulitis
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    • Decreased tear production.
    • Can progress to increased corneal vascularization and pigmentation.
  • Linear IgA dermatosis
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Microphthalmia
    • Small eyes
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Nodular panniculitis (sterile)
  • Pattern alopecia (ears)
  • Pattern alopecia (ventral)
  • Pemphigus foliaceous
  • Osteopetrosis
    • Clinically similar to "swimmer" pups
    • Radiographically uniformly dense bones and abnormal bone resorption.
  • Over and undershot jaw in the Longhaired variety.
    • Abnormal relative growth of the mandible and/or maxilla.
  • Panniculitis
    • Inflammatory condition of the subcutaneous fat.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Pattern baldness
    • Males have bilateral alopecia of the ear pinnae
    • Females have alopecia of the ventral body.
  • Pemphigus foliaceous
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Progressive retinal degeneration (standard and miniatures)
  • Renal hypoplasia
    • Polydipsia
    • Polyuria
  • Sensory neuropathy (longhairs)
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome
  • Sternal callus
  • Ureodermatologic syndrome
  • Ununited anconeal process
  • Vasculitis (idiopathic)

Dalmation

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Bactiuria
  • Blue eyes
  • Conjunctival dermoid
  • Deafness (cochlear degeneration)
  • Demodicosis
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Excess uric acid excretion
    • Predisposition to renal calculi
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Glaucoma
  • Globoid cell leukodystrophy
    • Progressive signs beginning at 3-6 months of age are pelvic stiffness or cerebellar disturbance.
    • CSF total protein is elevated
    • Enzyme deficiency with collections of globoid cells in the CNS.
  • Malocclusion
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Muscular dystrophy (x-linked recessive)
  • Solar dermatitis
  • Trichiasis
    • Lashes which turn in or grow inward
    • Causes tearing
  • Tubular transport dysfunction
    • Hereditary nephropathy
  • Uric acid stones

Dandie  Dinmont Terrier

  • Canine lymphoma
  • Cushing's syndrome (hyperadrenalcorticism)
  • Elbow subluxation
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to hip lameness.
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Intervertebral disc syndrome
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial, accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis, bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft and shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Missing teeth
  • Shoulder subluxation and luxation

Doberman Pinscher

  • Acral furunculosis, bacterial
  • Acral lick dermatitis
  • Alopecia
  • Artherosclerosis
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Bundle of His degeneration
  • Chronic active hepatitis
  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Craniomandibular osteodystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
    • Signs: lethargy, anorexia, weakness, dyspnea, vomiting.
  • Drug reaction (sulfas)
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Enophthalmos (related to enlarged orbit)
  • Entropion
  • Eversion of the cartilage of the third eyelid
  • Flank sucking
  • Follicular dysplasia
    • Early signs are patches of erythema and alopecia on face and forelegs.
  • Folliculitis and pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Glomerulopathy
  • Hemophilia A
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Immune complex disorders
  • Liver copper storage disease
  • Missing teeth
    • A common problem
    • Four or more missing teeth disqualifies dog from show ring.
  • Muzzle furunculosis, bacterial
  • Narcolepsy
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Parvovirus
  • Persistent hyperplastic vitreous
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
    • Osteophytes and cyst formation in distal metaphyses of ulna and radius.
  • Spondylolisthesis (Wobblers Syndrome)
    • Anterior ventral canal is narrower than the posterior canal in the dorsoventral direction between C3 and C7
  • Vitiligo
  • Von Willebrand's disease
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low factor VIII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption time.
    • May exhibit recurrent melena, prolonged estrual bleeding, excessive bleeding after trauma, or subcutaneous hematomas.

Dogue de Bordeaux

  • Hereditary footpad hyperkeratosis
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome

Return to Index.

E

English Bulldog

  • Atopy
  • Chemodectoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Cleft palate
  • Constipation
  • Demodicosis
  • Facial fold intertrigo
  • Fecal incontinance
  • Folliculitis and pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Follicular dysplasia (flank)
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Malassezia dermatitis
  • Mitral vlave dysplacia
  • Muzzle furunculosis, bacterial
  • Perisstant right aortic arch
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Tail fold intertrigo
  • Tetralogy fo Fallot
  • Vascular compression of the esophagus
  • Ventricular septal defect

English Cocker Spaniel

  • Cataracts
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Deafness
  • Food hypersensitivity

    Generalized progressive retinal atrophy

    • Attenuation of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum affecting young dogs
    • Characterized by night blindness
    • Progressing to blindness
  • Glaucoma
  • Hemophilia A
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Juvenile amaurotic idiocy
  • Lip fold intertrigo
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Otitis externa
  • Pseudohermaphroditism
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • "Swimmers"
    • Characterized by inability to stand at 4-6 weeks of age.

English Foxhound

  • Deafness
    • Cochlear degeneration
  • Osteochondrosis of the spine
    • Anterio-posterior herniation of the intervertebral end plate into the vertebral body
    • stiff gait prevents proper galloping
    • Occurs from 7-10 months of age.

English Setter

  • Anaphylactic reaction to routine immunization
  • Carcinoma and lymphosarcoma of oral and nasal cavity
  • Cataract
  • Craniomandibular osteoarthropathy
  • Deafness
  • Eclampsia
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs of none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hypoglycemia
    • Concentration of glucose in the blood below the normal limit.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Prolonged anesthesia
  • Pyoderma
  • Recessive juvenile amaurotic idiocy
    • Dullness and reduced vision at around 12-15 months of age.
    • Developing into muscle spasms at 18 months, becoming seizures.

English Sheepdog

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy

English Springer Spaniel

  • Central progressive retinal atrophy
    • Mottling and increased reflectivity of area centralis
    • Resulting in loss of central vision
    • Affecting dogs 3-5 years of age
    • Difficulty in seeing stationary objects 
    • Sight is best in dim light.
  • Cleft palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Congenital Femoral Shift
  • Congenital seborrhea
  • Cutaneous asthenia (Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome)
    • Connective tissue abnormality
    • Fragile, lax skin
    • Hyperextensibility of joints
  • Diabetes mellitus
    • Inability to oxidize carbohydrates due to faulty pancreatic activity
    • Results in hyperglycemia
    • Symptoms of thirst, hunger, emaciation and weakness
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal  row of eyelashes
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Epilepsy
  • Episodic collapse
  • Factor XI (PTA) deficiency
  • Food hypersensitivity
  • Fucosidosis
  • Glaucoma
  • Hanging tongue
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic onychodystrophy
  • Lip fold intertrigo
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Otitis externa
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial/lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
  • Persistent atrial standstill
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency
    • Enzyme deficiency
    • Diseased red blood cells and muscle cells
    • Intermittent dark urine after strenuous exercise
  • Persistent pupillary membrane 
  • Primary retinal dystrophy
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type II
    • Central retinal atroph
  • Psoriasiform-lichenoid dermatosis
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Ventricular septal defect

 

Return to Index.

F

Field Spaniel

  • Anesthetic sensitivity
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pyometra

Finnish Spitz

  • Adult onset epilepsy
  • Cleft palate
  • Ectasia
  • Luxated patella
  • Pemphigus foliaceous

Flat Coated Retriever

  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Histiosarcoma
  • Luxating patella
  • Megaesophagus

Fox Terrier

  • Ataxia
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Cataract
  • Circumanal neoplasia
  • Colonic disease
  • Corneal dystrophy
    • Both epithelial(superficial) and endothelial(seen in Wire-haired Terriers)
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dislocation of the shoulder
  • Distichiasis
  • Ectopic ureter (familial relationship)
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Goiter
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Legg-Perthes disease
  • Lens luxation
  • Persistent aortic arch
    • Development from right aortic arch instead of left
    • Crosses the esophagus forming a ring with the pulmonary artery and the ligamentum arteriosum
    • Produces esophageal stenosis
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at its origin
  • Recessive oligodontia
  • Secondary glaucoma
    • Subluxation of the lens
  • Superficial corneal erosion (seen in Wire-haired Terriers)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (Wirehaired)
  • Trichiasis (in Toy)

French Bulldog

  • Brachury
    • Short tail
  • Cleft palate and lip
    • Median fissures due to non-closure of bones
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Hemivertebra
    • Asymmetric abnormal development of vertebrae which may result in neonatal death or cord compression in older puppies
    • Affected vertebrae become wedge-shaped due to underdevelopment of one half 
    • Results in scoliosis or kinked tails and crowding of ribs if present in the thoracic area
  • HemophiliaA, Factor VIII, or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hemophilia B, Factor IX deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption and thromboplastin generation
    • Decreased factor IX
    • Heterozygotes with hemophilia B bleed more than heterozygotes with hemophilia A

 

 

Return to Index.

G

German Shepherd Dog

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Axonopathy
  • Bacterial overgrowth (GI tract)
  • Behavioral abnormalities
  • Bilateral cataract
    • Opaque lenses
  • Calcinosis circumscripta tongue
  • Cellulitis
    • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Cleft of lip and palate
    • Medial fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Collagen disorder of footpads
  • Conjunctival dermoid cyst
  • Contact hypersensitivity
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in the urine
    • Predisposing to calculi.
  • Deafness
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Ectasia syndrome
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Enostenosis (Eosinophilic panostitis)
    • Limb pain and intermittent lameness between the ages of 6 and 12 months
    • Signs are persistent for two months
    • Subsequent recovery.
  • Epilepsy
    • EEG may detect at an early age
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
  • Eversion of nictitating membrane
  • Fibrous subaortic stenosis
    • Narrow aorta below its valve
  • Flea bite hypersensitivity
  • Fly dermatitis of ear tips
  • Food hypersensitivity
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII, or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT, reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hepatic angiosarcoma
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joint
    • Clinical signs ranging from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Inflammation of the third eyelid
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • INherited ventricular arrhythmias
  • Insect or arachnid-related eosinophilic furunculosis (face)
  • Lupoid onychodystrophy
  • Megaesophagus
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Mucocutaneous bacterial pyoderma
  • Nasal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Nodular dermatofibrosis with renal cystadenocarcinoma
  • Oropharyngeal neoplasia
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Otitis externa
  • Palpebral dermoid
  • Pancreatic insufficiency
  • Pannus
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Pemphigus erythematosus
  • Perianal fistula
  • Persistent right aortic arch
    • Aortic development from right fourth aortic arch instead of left crosses the esophagus forming a ring around it with the pulmonary artery and the ligamentum arteriosum.
    • Produces esophageal stenosis.
  • Phimosis
  • Pituitary dwarfism
  • Progressive posterior paralysis
    • Occurs in middle age to older dogs
    • Some predilection for males
    • Gradual onset
    • Asymmetric in rear limbs
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Renal cortical hypoplasia
    • Polydipsia
    • Polyuria
  • Right atrial hemangiosarcoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • Senile cataract
  • Sialocele
  • Silica uroliths
  • Stress induced diarrhea
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Tarsal fistulae
  • Tricuspid vlave dysplasia
  • Uberreiter's syndrome
    • Degenerative pannus
    • Chronic superficial keratitis
  • Uterine leiomyomas
  • Vascular anomaly with compression of the esophagus
  • Vitiligo
  • Von Willebrand's disease; pseodohemophilia; vascular hemophilia
    • Prolonged bleeding time.
    • Low factor VIII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness and abnormal prothrombin consumption time.
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • subcutaneous hematomas

German Shorthaired Pointer

  • Amaurotic idiocy
    • CNS storage disease
    • Characterized at 6 months of age by nervousness and decreased training ability
    • At 9-12 months progressive ataxia and impaired vision
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Eversion of nictating membrane
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Lymphedema
    • Nonpainful pitting edema
    • Most commonly seen in the hind legs and in severe cases the entire body.
    • Moderately affected animals gradually lose edema by 3 months of age
    • Popliteal lymph nodes are absent or hypoplastic
  • Malocclusion
  • Melanoma
  • Oropharyngeal neoplasia
  • Pseudohermaphroditism
  • Strabismus
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Thrombocytopathy, platelet function defect
    • Moderate to severe bleeding diathesis
    • Glanzmann's disease
  • Subaortic stenosis
    • Narrow aorta below its valve

German Wirehaired Pointer

  • Malocclusion
  • Subcutaneous cysts

Giant Schnauzer

  • High incidence of hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Malabsorption of cobalmin
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Seborrhea
  • Von Willebrand's disease

Golden Retriever

  • Acute moist dermatitis
  • Acral lick dermatitis
  • Atopy
  • Bilateral cataract
    • Opaque lenses
  • Canine X-linked muscular dystrophy
  • Cataract with microphthalmia
    • Opaque lenses with small eyes
    • Associated with retinal folds
  • Central progressive retinal atrophy
    • Mottling and increased reflectivity of area centralis
    • Resulting in loss of central vision.
    • Difficulty in seeing stationary objects
    • Sight is best in dim light
    • Affecting dogs 3-5 years of age
  • Central retinal degeneration
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
  • Diaphragmatic hernia
  • Distichiasis
    • An abnormal row of lashes
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Elbow osteochondrosis
  • Entropion
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding 
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT, reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Inhalant allergies
  • Juvenile cellulitis
  • Mitral vlave dysplasia
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Nasal hypopigmentation
  • Oropharyngeal neoplasia
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pericardial effusion - idiopathic
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Pyotraumatic folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Right atrial hemangiosarcoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
  • Taurine deficient familial Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Tricuspid valve dysplasia
  • Von Willebrand's disease; pseudohemophilia; vascular hemophilia
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VIII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness and abnormal prothrombin consumption time.
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas

Gordon Setter

  • Atopy
  • Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy
  • Entropion
  • Generalized progressive retinal atrophy
    • Attenuation of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
    • Affecting young dogs
    • Characterized initially by night blindness
    • Progressing to blindness
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints 
    • Clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Juvenile cellulitis
  • Progressive retinal degeneration

Great Dane

  • Acral furunculosis, bacterial
  • Acral lick dermatitis
  • Atopy
  • Cervical calcinosis circumscripta
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in the urine
    • Predisposing to calculi.
  • Deafness
    • Seen in homozygous merles in conjunction with ocular defects.
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy -- x linked
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Eversion of the nictitating membrane
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Gastric dilitation-volvulus
  • Heterochromia iridis
    • "Walleye"
    • Blue and white iris
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Lone atrial fibrillation
  • Megaesophagus
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Microphthalmia
    • Small eyes
    • Result of merle to merle mating 
    • Seen in homozygous merles
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Muzzle furunculosis, bacterial
  • Necrotizing myelopathy
    • Acute atraumatic, flaccid paralysis of the front limbs
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Saucer shaped necrosis or flap in the posterior central portion of humeral head
    • Causes very distinct favoring of affected limb
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Persistant right aortic arch
  • Progressive ataxia
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Retinal dysplasia (Harlequin)
  • Solar dermatosis (Harlequin)
  • Spondylolisthesis
    • "Wobbler syndrome"
    • Anterior ventral canal is narrower than the posterior canal in the dorsoventral direction between C3 and C7
  • Stockard's paralysis
    • Preganglionic sympathetic degeneration
    • Onset at about 3 months of age
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Tricuspid valve dysplasia

Great Pyrenees

  • Achondroplasia
  • Anophthalmia
    • Missing eyeballs
  • Blue eyes
  • Brittle bone syndrome
  • Cataracts
  • Cleft palate
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Deafness
  • Defective heart
  • Demodicosis
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling lids
  • Factor IX(PTA) deficiency
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical signs from none to severs hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Malocclusion
  • Missing dewclaws
  • Monorchidism
  • Persistent hyaloid artery
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Slipped patella
  • Tricuspid valve dysplasia

Greyhound

  • Anesthetic risk
  • Azoturia-like disease
    • Excessive nitrogen compounds in the urine
  • Bloat
  • Cheyletiellosis
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VII or AHF deficiency
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Lens luxation
  • Megaesophagus
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Persistent right aortic arch
  • Predisposition to dystocia
    • Anatomical peculiarities 
    • Fetal death
    • Over nervousness of the dam
  • Retinal dystrophy
  • Short spine
  • Von Willebrand's disease

 

Return to Index.

H

Harrier

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Malocclusion

 

Return to Index.

I

Ibizan Hound

  • Allergic reaction to several chemicals
  • Anesthesia risk
  • Bloat
  • Deafness
  • Seizures
  • Unilateral cryptorchidism

Irish Setter

  • Acral furunculosis, bacterial
  • Acral lick dermatitis
  • Atopy
  • Carpal luxation
  • Cataract , juvenile cataract
  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Constipation
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deformed tail
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
  • Enlarged orbit
  • Entropion
    • In rolling eyelids
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Generalized myopathy
    • Stiff gait
    • Swallowing difficulty
    • Enlarged tongue
    • Atrophic muscles
    • First seen at 8 weeks of age
    • Serum Creatine phosphokinase and aldolase levels are high
  • Generalized progressive retinal atrophy
    • Attenuation of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum 
    • Affecting young dogs 
    • Characterized initially by night blindness and progressing to blindness
  • Granulocytopathy
    • Increased susceptibility to infection
    • Fever gingivitis
    • Destruction of bone in mandibles, radius and ulna
  • Hemophilia A,Factor VIII deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes 
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Inhalant allergies
  • Megaesophagus
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Inflammation, both bone and cartilage
    • Results in splitting of cartilage into the joint
    • Especially the knee and shoulder
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Persistent right aortic arch
    • Aortic development from right fourth aortic arch instead of left and crosses the esophagus
    • Forms a ring around the arch with the pulmonary artery and the ligamentum arteriosum
    • Produces esophageal stenosis
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Primary megaesophagus
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type I (rod-cone dysplasia)
  • Quadriplegia with amblyopia
    • Progressive
    • Initially as swimmers at 3 days of age
    • Later inability to stand and dim vision
    • May be accompanied by tremor and nystagmus
  • Right atrial hemangiosarcoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • Uredecrinatological syndrome
  • Vascular anomaly with compression of the esophagus
  • Wheat-sensitive enteropathy

Irish Terrier

  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in the urine
    • Predisposing to calculi
  • Hereditary footpad keratosis
  • Hereditary myopathy
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Tubular transport dysfunction

Irish Water Spaniel

  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints 
    • Clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hypotrichosis
  • Idiopathic onychodystrophy
  • Malocclusion

Irish Wolfhound

  • Cataracts
  • Dilated Cartiomyopathy
  • Heart disease
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia
  • Hygroma of elbow
  • Intrahepatic portosystemic shunts
  • Lone atrial fibrillation
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Rhinitis syndrome
    • Inflammation of mucous membrane of the nose
  • Tail injury

Italian Greyhound

  • Epilepsy
  • Increased anesthetic risk
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Vitreous Degeneration
  • von Willebrand's disease
  • Immune mediated thrombocytopenia
  • Monorchidism
  • Persistent right aortic arch
    • Aortic development from right fourth aortic arch instead of left.
    • Crosses the esophagus, forming a ring around it with the pulmonary artery and the ligamentum arteriosum.
    • Produces esophageal stenosis.

 

Return to Index.

J

Jack Russel Terrier

  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Dermatophytosis
    • Trichophyton mentagrophytes, var. erimacei
  • Hereditary ataxia
  • Legg perthes
  • Luxating patella
  • Salivary gland necrosis

Japanese Chin

  • Achondroplasia
  • Monorchidism

Return to Index.

K

Keeshond

  • Aberrant cilia
  • Conotrunctal Defects (CTD)
    • A series of genetically relaed congenital cardiac malformations that include conal septum, conal Ventricular septal defect, Tetralogy of Fallot, and persistant truncus arteriosus
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Epilepsy
    • Usually seen at 3 years of age
    • EEG may detect at an earlier age
  • Hypogonadism of intact male
  • Hyposomatotropism
  • Hypothyroidism
    • Deficient thyroid activity
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Predisposition of melanoma
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Renal cortical hypoplasia
  • Sebaceous cyst
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
    • Ventricular septal defect
    • Pulmonary stenosis
    • Dextroposition of the aorta
    • Right ventricular hypertrophy

Kerry Blue Terrier

  • Cerebellar cortical and extrapyramidal nuclear abiotrophy
    • Onset 9-16 weeks
    • Pelvic limb stiffness
    • Mild head tremor
    • Progressing to paralysis
  • Distichiasis
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Footpad keratoses (corns)
  • Hair follicle tumors
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Narrow palpebral fissure
  • Otitis externa
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Spiculosis
  • Trichiasis (upper lateral cilia)
  • Ununited anconeal process

 

Komondorok

  • Cysts
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head subluxation and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Skin problems

Kuvasz

  • Deafness
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical sighs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation and secondary joint disease

Return to Index.

L

Labrador Retriever

  • Acral furunculosis, bacterial
  • Acral lick dermatitis
  • Associated occular and skeletal dysplasia
  • Atherosclerosis
    • Lethargy
    • Anorexia
    • Welkness
    • Collapse
    • Vomiting
  • Atopy
  • Bilateral Cataract
    • Opaque lenses
  • Canine congenital hypotrichosis
  • Carpal subluxation (XR)
    • Bilateral
    • Gene is allelic to the gene for Hemophilia A
  • Central progressive retinal atrophy (autosomal recessive)
    • Screening available using the Optigen DNA marker test www.optigen.com
    • Mottling and increased reflectvity of area centralis resulting in loss of central vision
    • Difficulty in seeing stationary objects
    • Sight is best in dim light
    • Affecting dogs 3-5 years of age.
  • Central retinal degeneration
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Coloboma
  • Congenital phimosis and cutaneous mast cell tumors
  • Copper toxicosis
  • Corneal opacity
  • Cortical degeneration
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
    • Irregular osseous proliferation of mandible and tympanic bulla
    • Discomfort from eating
    • Intermittent fever up to 104 deg. F
    • Beginning at age 4-7 months.
  • Cystinuria (SLR)
    • Excess cystine in the urine
    • Predisposing to calculi
  • Dacrocystitis
  • Deficiency of type II muscle fibers
    • Signs include a marked creatinuria and deficiency of muscle mass.
  • Diabetes mellitis
    • Inability to oxideze carbohydrates due to faulty pancreatic activity
    • Results in hypoglycemia with symptoms of thirst, hunger, emaciation, and weakness.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
    • Abnormal row of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Dwarfism associated with retinal dysplasia
  • Elbow osteochrondrosis
  • Entropion
    • Inrolling of the eyelids
  • Epilepsy
  • Factor IX deficiency (congenital)
    • Subcutaneous hematomas
    • Profuse hemorrhage from surgical wound.
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Food allergy
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency (SLR)
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hereditary myopathy
  • Hip Dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical sighs from none to hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Hypertrophic osteodystrophy
  • Hypoglycemia
    • concentration of glucose in the blood below the normal limit.
  • Hypothyroidism
    • Deficient thyroid activity
  • Juvenile Cataract
  • Leukotrichia
  • Liver disease and liver cirrhosis (hereditary factors)
  • Megaesophagus
  • Melanoma
  • Missing teeth
  • Muscular dystrophy
    • Generalized muscle atrophy
    • Depressed spinal reflexes
    • "Bunny hopping" gait
  • Nyatagmus
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Pericardial effusion - idiopathic
  • Persistent hyaloid artery
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Postnatal cerebellar
  • Prolapsed rectum
  • Prolapsed uterus
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Receptor dystrophy
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Right atrial hemangiosarcoma +/- pericardial effusion
  • Sebborhea, primary
  • Shoulder dysplasia
  • Shoulder lameness
  • Tricuspid valve disease
  • Ununited anconeal process
  • Waterline disease

Lakeland Terrier

  • Cryptorchidism
  • Distichiasis
    • Abnormal row of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Lens luxation
  • Undershot jaw
    • Abnormal relative growth of the mandible
  • Ununited anconeal process
  • Ventricular septal defect

Lhasa Apso

  • Aberrant cilia
  • Atopy
  • Congenital hypotrichosis
  • Corneal ulcers
  • Degenerataive valve disease
  • Distichiasis
    • Abnormal row of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Entropion (medial)
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Found in this breed to be high risk.
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Inhalant allergies
  • Injection reaction
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Lack of ADH
  • Lissencephaly
    • Congenital absence of cerebrocortical convolutions
    • Signs within the first year of life
    • Behavioral, visual and convulsive disorders.
  • Malassezia dermatitis
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Renal cortical hupoplasia
    • Proven in this breed to be inherited
    • Bilateral renal cortical hypoplasia leading to uremia and secondary hyperparathyroidism
    • Signs begin at around 1 year of age

Lundenhund

  • Protein-losing enteropathy

Return to Index.

M

Maltese

  • Aberrant cilia
  • Blindness (congenital)
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Deafness
  • Hypertrophic pyloric gastropathy
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hypoglycemia
    • Concentration of glucose in the blood below normal limit.
  • Malocclusion of misalignment
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Accompanied by tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
  • Poor pigmentation

 

Manchester Terrier

  • Cutaneous asthenia
  • Grand mal epilepsy
  • Hypertrophic pyloric gastropathy
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of femoral head
  • Secondary glaucoma; luxating lens

Mastiff

  • Bloat
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Elbow dyslasia
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Persistent pupillary membranes
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Vaginal hyperplasia

Miniature Pinscher

  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dislocation of the shoulder
  • Entropion
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through the inguinal canal.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of femoral head
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness progrressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal  vessels
    • Increased reflectivity to tapetum lucidum
  • Skin disease- lack of pigment

Miniature Schnauzer

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atopy
  • Atresia of lacrimal drainage apparatus
  • Aurotrichia
  • Bilateral cataract
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Distichiasis
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Food allergy
  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Inhalant allergy
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Juvenile renal disease
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of femoral head.
  • Megaesophagus
  • Microphthalmia
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Nephritis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Portosystemic shunts
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Prone to cystitis and bladder stones
  • Pseudohermaphroditism
  • Pulmonic stenosis
    • Narrow pulmonary artery at its origin
  • Schnauzer comedo syndrome
    • Comedo - from acranial to tail head
  • Sertoli cell tumor
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Sinoatrial syncope
  • Spinaliomas
  • Subcorneal pustular dermatosis
  • Von Willebrand's disease
    • "Pseudohemophilia"
    • "Vascular hemophilia"
    • Incomplete autosomal dominant
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VIII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness and abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding 
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas

Return to Index.

N

Newfoundland

  • Atrial septal defect
  • Avulsion fractures
  • Bloat
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy 
  • Dermoid cyst of the cornea
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Ectopic ureter
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Eversion of cartilage of the third eyelid.
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hot spots
  • Kinked tails
  • Megaesophagus
  • Mitral valve dysplasia
  • Mitral valve stenosis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and nonclosure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with right to left shunt
  • Pemphigus foliaceus
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
    • Narrow aorta below its valve
  • Ununited anconeal process
  • Ventricular septal defect

Norwegian Elkhound

  • Cataracts
  • Distichiasis
  • Generalized progressive retinal atrophy
    • Attenuation of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum 
    • Affecting young dogs
    • Characterized initially by night blindness
    • Leading to blindness
  • Glaucoma (Primary open-angle glaucoma)
  • Keratoacanthoma
  • Progressive retinal degeneration type I (rod dysplasia)
  • Renal Cortical hypoplasia
    • Proven in this breed to be inherited
    • Bilateral renal cortical hypoplasia 
    • Leading to uremia
    • Secondary hyperparathyroidism
    • Signs begin at around 1 year of age
  • Seborrhea
  • Subcutaneous cysts

Norwich Terrier

  • Summer eczema

Return to Index.

O

Old English Sheepdog

  • Atopy
  • Bilateral cataract
  • Bloat
  • Cataract (congenital)
  • Demodicosis
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
  • Elongated tongue
  • Entropion
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation , and/or degenerative joint disease.
  • Immune mediated hemolytic anemia
  • Juvenile cataracts
  • Metachondrial myopathy
    • Exercise intolerance
  • Pedal furunculosis, bacterial
  • Persistent atrial standstill
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Tricuspid valve disease
  • Wobbler's syndrome
    • Spondylolisthesis
    • Anterior ventral canal is narrower than the posterior canal in the dorsal-ventral direction between C3 and C7.

Otter Hound

  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Hip dysplasia (severe)
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness.
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary degenerative joint disease.
  • Platelet disorder
    • "Thrombocytopathy with giant platelets"
    • Mild to moderately severe bleeding
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Abnormal platelet aggregation  and adhesiveness
    • Poor clot retraction
  • Sebaceous cysts

Return to Index.

P

Papillon

  • Anasarca
    • Walrus or rubber puppies
  • Deafness
  • Entropion
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral, most common are medial
    • Tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end and shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age

Pekinese

  • Atypical pannus
  • Cheyletiellosis
  • Corneal ulceration
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Distichiasis
    • Two rows of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Dystocia
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Hairy caruncle
  • Hypoplasia of dens (Odontoid process)
    • Either hypoplasia of dens or its nonunion with C2 produces atlantoaxial subluxation
    • Onset any age 
    • Producing signs ranging from neck pain to quadriplegia
  • Inguinal hernia
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal.
  • Intervertebral disc disease
    • Predisposition possibly due to breed conformation and other factors
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Lacrimal duct atresia
    • Congenital absence of openings to lacrimal canal
  • Microphthalmia
    • Abnormal smallness of eyes
  • More prone to urolith formation
  • Nasal fold trichiasis
  • Persistent penile frenulum
  • Pigmentary keratitis
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly to stimuli
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • "Swimmers"
    • Characterized by inability to stand at 4-6 weeks and flattened chest.
  • Trichiasis
    • Ingrown eyelashes which irritate corneal conjunctiva
  • Umbilical hernia

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

  • Cervical disc disease
  • Cutaneous asthenia 
    • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
    • Connective tissue abnormality
    • Fragile, lax skin and hyperextensibility of joints.
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in urine
    • Predisposing to calculi
  • Dermoid cyst
  • Epilepsy
  • Generalized progressive retinal atrophy
    • Attenuation of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
    • Affecting young dogs
    • Characterized initially by night blindness
    • Progressing to blindness.
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Von Willebrand's disease

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Aseptic Meningitis
  • Autoimmune Disorders
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Idiopathic Epilepsy
  • Inguinal Hernias
  • Luxating Patellas
  • Malocclusion
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Persistent Pupillary Membranes
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Thyroid Dysfunction (hypothyroidism most commonly seen)
  • Umbilical Hernias
  • Lymphocytic-plasmocytic gastritis
  • Additional known conditions for this breed can be found on a list compiled by Dr. George Padgett at using the link below

    http://www.pbgv.org/Images/PDF/HealthSurvey/GeneticDiseaseChart.pdf

Pointer

  • Acral mutilation
  • Bilateral cataract
  • Bithoracic ectromelia
    • Presence of a scapula only with distal structures absent.
  • Calcinosis circumscripta
  • Callouses
  • Cleft palate
  • Colonic disease
  • Deafness
  • Demodicosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Eosinophilic Panostitis
  • Esophageal sarcoma
  • Follicular dysplasia (flank)
  • Hepatic angiosarcoma
  • Hereditary lupoid dermatosis
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Inherited dwarfism
  • Neurotropic osteopathy
    • Signs at 3-9 months of age
    • Characterized by toe gnawing
    • Self mutilation
    • low sensitivity in distal limbs
    • Vascular degeneration
    • Demyelination in spinal cord
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.
  • Sensory neuropathy
  • Umbilical hernia

Pomeranian

  • Adrenal sex hormone abnormalities
  • Atresia of lacrimal puncta
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dislocation of the shoulder
  • Distichiasis
  • Dwarfism and dystocia
  • Elephant skin
  • Epiphora
  • Glycogen storage disease
  • Hypersomatotropism
  • Hypoplasia of dens (Odontoid process)
    • Either hypoplasia of dens or its non-union with C2 produces atlantoaxial subluxation
    • Onset at any age
    • Producing signs from neck pain to quadriplegia
  • Nasolacrimal puncta atresia
  • Patella luxation
    • May be medial or lateral
    • Most are medial
    • Tibial rotation on its long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and nonclosure of ductus arteriosus between aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Open fontanelles
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Tracheal collapse
    • Decreased rigidity
    • Elongated elastic membrane and increased circumference of the tracheaa
    • Occurs most commonly in obese dogs with dome-shaped heads, well-developed necks and narrow thoracic inlets
    • Average age of 7 years
    • May be surgically corrected
  • Trichiasis

Poodle (miniature- not to exceed 15 inches; Toy not to exceed 10 inches)

  • Achondroplasia
    • Impaired ossification of long bone cartilage
    • Producing abnormal short limbs
  • Adult onset Growth Hormone deficiency
  • Amaurotic idiocy
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Atresia of lacrimal puncta and nasolacrimal duct
  • Atypical pannus
  • Behavioral abnormalities
  • Cerebrospinal demyelination
  • Chronic superficial keratitis
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Congenital deafness
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Corneal erosion, superficial
  • Cushing's syndrome
    • Hyperadrenocorticism
  • Cystinuria
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Distichiasis
  • Ear infections
  • Ectodermal defects
    • Symmetrical areas of alopecia (Miniature Poodle)
    • Affects 2/3 of body including head, ventral trunk, dorsal pelvic region and proximal legs.
  • Ectopic ureters
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Epilepsy
    • EEG may detect at an early age
  • Epiphora
    • Excessive tearing
  • Epiphyseal dysplasia
    • Hindleg joints of puppies sag
    • Puppies move with swaying gait of hindquarters
    • Radiographically, "stippling" from defective ossification of epiphyseal site with several fine foci of bone.
  • Glaucoma (primary narrow-angle)
  • Hairlessness
  • Heart valve incompetence
  • Hemeralopia
    • Day blindness
    • Inability to see effectively in bright or direct light.
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
  • Hypoplasia or aplasia of optic nerve
  • Hyposomatotropism
  • Hypospadia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Injection reactions
  • Intervetebral disc degeneration
  • Iridal atrophy
  • Juvenile cataracts
  • Lacrimal duct atresia
  • Legg-Perthes disease
  • Lens-induced uveitis
  • Microphthalmia
  • Missing teeth
  • Narcolepsy
  • Neoplasia
  • Nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia
  • Optic nerve hypoplasia
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Otitis externa
  • Overly long hairs on the eyelid skin and cilia (upper lashes)
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • "Polygenic threshold trait"
    • Persistence and nonclosure of ductus arteriosus between the aorta and pulmonary artery with left to right shunt.
  • Persistent penile frenulum
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum.
  • Progressive rod-cone degeneration
  • Pseudohermaphroditism
  • Pyruvate Kinase deficiency
  • Renal dysplasia (genetic basis)
  • Retinal atrophy
  • Retinal detachment
  • Robertsonian translocation
  • Sialocele
  • Superficial corneal erosion
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Von Willebrand's disease
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low factor VII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas

Poodle -Standard ( over 14 inches)

  • Addison's Disease -- simple recessive
  • Adult onset Growth hormone deficiency
  • Alopecia (dilute colors)
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Atypical pannus
  • Behavioral abnormalities
  • Bloat
  • Cataract
  • Distichiasis
  • Entropion
  • Epilepsy
    • EEG may detect at an early age
  • Epiphora
    • Excessive tearing
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Iris atrophy
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Juvenile Renal disease -- recessive
  • Lacrimal duct atresia
  • Lobular dissecting hepatitis
  • Malignant neoplasm
  • Microphthalmia
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
    • Deficient or delayed bone development
    • Results in frequent fractures
    • Appears at 6-8 weeks of age.
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness progressing to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Squamous cell carcinoma -- Black Standard Poodles
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Von Willebrand's disease
    • Pseudohemophilia
    • vascular hemophilia
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness and abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • May exhibit melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas

Portugese Water Dog

  • Addison's disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Gangliosidosis or G.M.I.
  • Hip dysplasia
  • INherited juvenile dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Puppy eye syndrome

Pug

  • Atopy
  • Atrioventricular block
  • Atypical pannus formation
  • Cleft palate and lips
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved.
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Delayed heat prostration
    • Recurring
  • Demodectic mange
  • Distichiasis
    • Two rows of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Encephalitis
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hairy caruncle
  • Hypotrichosis
  • Intertrigo
    • Facial fold
    • Tail fold
    • Due to wrinkled head
    • Can become infectious
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of femoral head
  • Male pseudohermaphroditism
    • Presence of abdominal testicles, a vulva & an os penis
  • Medial luxating patella
  • Obesity
  • Pigmentary keratitis
  • Pinched nostril
  • Trichiasis
    • Ingrown eyelashes which irritate corneal conjunctiva
  • Urolithiasis

Puli

  • Deafness
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints
    • Clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabuluim, flattened femoral head, subluxation, and/or secondary joint disease.
  • Temperament problems

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

  • Ectropion
  • Entropion
  • Persistant pupillary membrane

Return to Index.

Q

Q stuff goes here.

Return to Index.

R

Redbone Coonhound

  • Central retinal atrophy

Rhodesian Ridgeback

  • Aggression
  • Cervical vertebral deformity
  • Congenital deafness
  • Dermoid sinus
    • Tubular cyst in mid-dorsal line either anterior or posterior to the ridge
    • Due to incomplete separation of skin and spinal cord during development from ectoderm
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to hip lameness
    • Radiographically, there may be shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation
    • Secondary degenerative joint disease
  • HypothyroidismLumbosacral transitional vertebrae

 

Rottweiler

  • Arthrosis of the elbow joint
  • Congenital deafness
  • Diabetes melitus
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Enlarged orbit
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Gastric eosinophilis granuloma
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Idiopathic vasculitis
  • Kidney failure (familial)
  • Lack of traction at the lateral canthus
  • Leukoencephalomalacia
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Neuroaxonal dystrophy
  • Osteochondrosis
    • Hind leg lameness
  • Oversized palpebral fissure
  • Parvovirus
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
  • Vitiligo
    • Asymptomatic depigmentation disease of the skin, mucosa and haircoat

Return to Index.

S

St. Bernard

  • Acral lick granuloma
  • Acromegaly
  • Aphakia with multiple colobomas
    • Absence of lens associated with microphthalmia, acornea, retinal detachment, and anterior synechia
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Deafness
  • Dermoid cysts of cornea
    • Thick walled cyst containing sebaceous glands, hair follicles and sweat glands
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Distichiasis
    • Two rows of eyelashes
    • Resulting in irritation and epiphora
  • Ectropion
    • Outward rolling eyelids
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Epilepsy
  • Epithelial lined cysts of anterior pituitary
  • Eversion of nictitating membrane
  • Factor I deficiency, fibrinogen deficiency, afibrogenemia, hypo-fibrinogenemia
    • Severe or lethal hemorrhage
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Gastric torsion
  • Genu valgum
    • Knees bowed medially due to rapid growth
    • Prevalent in giant breeds
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hemophilia B , Factor IX deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption and thromboplastin generation
    • Reduced factor IX
    • Heterozygotes with Hemophilia B bleed more than heterozygotes with Hemophilia A
  • Hepato arteriovenous fistula
  • Hip Dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation 
    • Secondary degenerative joint diseas
  • Hypertrophic osteopathy
  • Hygroma
  • Idiopathic degenerative joint disease
  • Lip fold pyoderma
    • Localized
    • Infectious
  • Lymphoma
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Osteochondrosis dissecans
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Oversized palpebral  fissure
  • Pyotraumatic dermatitis (hot spots)
  • Redundant facial skin
  • Retained cartilage of distal ulna
  • Spleen torsion
  • Stockard's paralysis
  • Uveodermatologic syndrome

Saluki

  • Black hair follicle dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Progressive retinal degereration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Sensitive to barbiturates

Samoyed

  • Atrial septal defects
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dwarfism
    • Radiographic evidence of retarded growth apparent by 12 weeks of age
  • Dysplasia of pectinate ligaments
  • Glaucoma
  • Growth hormone responsive dermatitis
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding 
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF and Factor VIII
  • Hereditary nephritis
    • X-linked
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to severe hip lameness
    • Radiographically there may be shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation
    • Degenerative joint disease
  • Muscular dystrophy
    • X-linked
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Retinal detachment
  • Sebaceous cysts
  • Subarotic stenosis
  • Uveodermatological syndrome

Schipperke

  • Dermatitis
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hay fever /asthma
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of the femoral head
  • Narrow palpebral fissure
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIB -- Test available through the University of Pennsylvania
  • Pemphigus foliaceous

Scottish Deerhound

  • Dilated Cartiomyopathy -- genetic basis not established
  • Gastric torsion
  • Osteochondrosis dissecans 
  • Osteosarcoma -- autosomal recessive
  • Porto systemic liver shunt -- genetic basis not established
  • Torsion of the lung
  • Torsion of the spleen

Scottish Terrier

  • Achondroplasia
    • Imperfect ossification within the cartillage of long bones
    • Producing dwarfism
  • Alexander's disease
    • Progressive tetraparesis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Bladder cancer
  • Canine lymphoma
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
  • Cystinuria
    • Excess cystine in the urind
    • Predisposing to calculi
  • Deafness
  • Ear hematoma
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Folliculitis and furunculosis, bacterial
  • Hereditary nasal pyogranuloma and vasculitis
  • Histiocytoma
  • Intervertebral disc disease
  • Luxation of the lens
  • Melanoma
  • Primary uterine inertia
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Pyogranulomatous and vasculitic disorder of nasal planum
  • Pyometra
  • Scottie cramp
    • Recessive
    • Hyperkinetic disorder characterized by seemingly painless rigidity of limbs, back and tail muscle
    • Both sexes are affected
    • The head may be drawn between the front legs
    • dog recovers in 15-30 seconds
    • Oral Diazapam in doses of 0.5mg/kg given three times daily is highly effective in controlling episodes
  • Splayleg
    • Motor disorder
  • Thyroid problem
  • Urinary calculi
  • Von Willebrand's disease, pseudohemophilia, vascular hemophilia
    • Dominant
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas

Sealyham Terrier

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Atresia of the nasolacrimal duct
  • Cataract
  • Deafness
  • Lens luxation
    • Results in secondary glaucoma
  • Retinal dysplasia
    • Recessive
    • Jumbled, abnormally formed layers of the retina
    • Retinal detachment
    • Blindness
  • Secondary glaucoma

Shar-Pei -- see Chinese Sharpei

Shetland Sheepdog

  • Achondroplasia
    • Dwarfism
  • Bladder cancer
  • Bilateral renal agenesis
  • Cataract
    • Autosomal recessive
  • Central progressive retinal atrophy
    • Mottling and increased reflectivity of area centralis
    • Results in lack of central vision
    • Affects dogs starting at 3-5 years of age
    • Difficulty in seeing stationary objects
    • Sight best in dim light
  • Choroidal hypoplasia
  • Collie eye anomaly
  • Coloboma
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Distichiasis
  • Ectasia syndrome
    • Recessive
    • Excessive tortuosity of retinal vessels
    • Choroio-retinal dysplasia
    • Excavation of the optic disc
    • Retinal detachment
    • Intraocular hemorrhage
    • Veriform streaks of the fundus in young dogs
  • Ectopic cilia
  • Epidermolysis bullosa
    • Onset at 2-4 months of age
    • Alopecia
    • Erythema
    • Scaling erosions
    • Crusting
    • Sometimes intact vesicle
  • Familial dermatitis
  • Folliculitis, bacterial
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF
    • Reduced Factor VIII
  • Heterochromia iridis
    • "Walleye"
    • Blue and white iris
  • Hip dysplasia
    • Polygenic inheritance
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs ranging from none to hip lameness
    • Shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation
    • Secondary degenerative joint disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Idiopathic ulcerative dermatosis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Nasal solar dermatitis
    • Hereditary susceptibility and lack of skin pigment predispose to the disease
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    • Persistence and nonclosure of ductus arteriosus between the aorta and pulmonary artery
    • Right to left shunt
  • Personal Pupillary membrane
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Ulcer conditions of apocrine glands
  • Uveodermatological syndrome
  • Von Willebrand's disease
  • Yeast dermatitis

Shiba Inu

  • Luxated patellas
  • Reflex regurgitation
  • Uveodermatological syndrome

Shih Tzu

  • Achondroplasia
  • Atopy
  • Chronic keratitis
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved
  • Corneal ulcers
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dermoids
  • Entropion
    • Inward rolling eyelids
  • Hypospadia
  • Hypertrophic pyloric gastrophy
  • Inhalant allergies
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Renal-cortical hypoplasia
    • Bilateral renal cortical hypoplasia leading to uremia and secondary hyperparathyroidism
    • Signs begin at about 1 year of age
  • Renal dysplasia
  • Retinal detachment
  • Trichiasis
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Vitriol syneresis
  • Von Willebrand's disease
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness 
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • May exhibit recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • subcutaneous hematomas

Siberian Husky

  • Cataracts
  • Congenital laryngeal paralysis
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Distichiasis
  • Ectopic ureter
  • Eosinophilic granuloma
  • Epilepsy
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Hemophilia A
  • Heterochromia iridis
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypogonadism in intact male
  • Idiopathic onychodystrophy
  • Lipidosis
  • Oral eosinophilic granuloma
  • Persistant pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
    • Dilated pupils react sluggishly
    • Night blindness
    • Progresses to blindness
    • Atrophy of retinal vessels 
    • Increased reflectivity of tapetum lucidum
  • Uveitis
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Von Willebrand's disease, pseudohemophilia, vascular hemophilia
    • Prolonged bleeding time
    • Low Factor VII
    • Reduced platelet adhesiveness
    • Abnormal prothrombin consumption time
    • Recurrent melena
    • Prolonged estrual bleeding
    • Excessive bleeding after trauma
    • Subcutaneous hematomas
  • Zinc responsive dermatosis

Silky Terrier

  • Color dilutant alopecia
  • Congenital cardiovascular abnromalities
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular necrosis of the femoral head
  • Occipital dysplasia
  • Odontoid process dysplasia
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Most common are medial
    • Tibial rotation on the long axis
    • Bending at the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • lameness at 4-6 months
  • Storage disease
  • Tracheal collapse
  • Yeast dermatitis

Skye Terrier

  • Allergies
  • Autosomal thyroid disease
  • Congenital kink tail
  • Copper-associated hepatopathy
  • Enlarged foramen magnum
  • Hypoplasia of the larynx
  • Juvenile limp
  • Megaesophagus
  • Premature closure of the distal radius
  • Skye hepatitis
  • Ulcerative colitis

Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier

  • Cataracts
  • Dermatitis
    • Sensitive to grass and fleas
  • Heart disease
  • Hereditary neuropathy
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Renal dysplasia

Spinoni Italiani

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Thyroid imbalance
  • Vaginal prolapse

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

  • Bilateral cataract
    • Opaque lenses
  • Clefts of lip and palate
    • Median fissures due to nonclosure of bones
    • Environmental and/or genetic factors may be involved
  • Juvenile cataract
  • Primary vitreus

Standard Schnauzer

  • Atresia of nasolacrimal puncta
  • Benign fatty tumors
  • Cataract
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Follicular dermatitis
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF 
    • Reduced Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Narrow palpebral fissure
  • Perianal adenomas
    • Occurs in older dogs
  • Pulmonic stenosis

Sussex Spaniel

  • Heart murmurs / enlarged hearts
  • Intervetebral disc disease

 

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T

Tibetan Spaniel

  • lems luxationOxalate nephropathy
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal atrophy

Toy Terrier

  • Lens luxation

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U

 

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V

Vizsla

  • Cataract
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
  • Demodicosis
  • Entropion
  • Facial nerve paralysis
  • Factor I defficiency
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding 
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF
    • Reduced Factor VIII
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Idiopathic Epilepsy -- possibly autosomal recessive
  • Lymphoma
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
  • Osteochondrosis
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Spinal Dysraphism
  • Sterile Pyogranuloma Syndrome
  • Syringomyelia
  • Umbilical Hernia
  • Vasculitis

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W

Weimaraner

  • Bloat
  • Cutaneous mast cell tumor
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Dermoid cyst of cornea
  • Distichiasis
  • Double eyelashes
  • Dwarfism
  • Enlarged your 
  • Entropion
  • Eversion of nictitating membrane
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or AHF deficiency
    • Prolonged bleeding
    • Hemorrhagic episodes
    • Prolonged PTT
    • Reduced AHF
    • Reduced Factor VIII
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypertropic Osteodystrophy
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Oropharyngeal neoplasia
  • Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia
  • Spinal dysraphism
    • Begins at 4-6 weeks of age
    • Not progressive
    • Crouching stance
    • Abduction of one leg
    • Hopping gait
    • Abnormal proprioception in hindlegs
  • Sterile pyogranuloma syndrome
  • Tricuspid valve disease
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Undershot jaw
    • Abnormal growth of mandible
  • Ununited anconeal process

Welsh Corgi

  • Central retinal atrophy
  • Superficial corneal erosion
  • Persistent pupillary membrane
  • Progressive retinal degeneration
  • Secondayr glaucoma

Welsh Springer Spaniel

  • Hip dysplasia (infrequent)
  • Hereditary cataract
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Primary glaucoma
  • Spermatogenic arrest with azoospermia

Welsh Terrier

  • Luxated lens / secondary glaucoma

West Highland White Terrier

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cataracts
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Cleft palates
  • Copper-associated hepatopathy
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy
    • Irregular osseous proliferation of mandible and tympanic bulla
    • Discomfort from eating 
    • Intermittent fever up to 104 deg F
    • Begins at 4-7 months
    • Progresses to 11-13 months then may stop
  • Deafness
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Ectopic ureter
  • Epidermal dysplasia
  • Enlarged orbit
  • Fatty liver syndrome
  • Globoid cell leukodystrophy (Krabbe's disease)
    • Progressive signs beginning at 3-6 months old
    • Pelvic stiffness
    • Cerebellar disturbance
    • CSF total protein elevated
    • Enzyme deficiency with collections of globoid cells in the DNS
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Ichthyosis
  • Inguinal hernia 
    • Defective formation of linea alba associated with protrusion of abdominal contents through inguinal canal
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Legg-Perthes disease
    • Avascular aseptic necrosis of femoral head
  • Luxating patella
  • Malasezia dermatitis
  • Myotonia
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency
  • Seborrhea, primary
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Ventricular septal defect

Whippet

  • Cryptorchidism
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Demodectic mange
    • Communicable 
    • Due to demodex in hair follicles
  • Idiopathic onychodystrophy
  • Multiple Drug Sensitivity
    • Occurs in at least one line of Longhaired Whippets you can refer to the original article at:
    • http://www.pnas.org/cgi/reprint/101/32/11725
    • MDR1 gene
    • Problme drugs:  Ivermectin, Loperamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Vinblastine, Cyclosporin, Digoxin, Acepromazine, Butorphanol
    • Potential Problem Drugs: Ondansetron, Domperidone, Paclitaxel, Mitoxantrone, Etoposide, Rifampicin, Quinidine, Morphine
    • Test available: http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL/test.asp
  • Partial alopecia
    • Affects 2/3 of body including head, trunk (ventral) , dorsal pelvic region and proximal legs

Wirehaired Fox Terrier

  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Megaesophagus
  • Tetralogy of fallot

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

  • Hip dysplasia
    • Deformed coxofemoral joints with clinical signs from none to hip lameness
    • Shallow acetabulum
    • Flattened femoral head
    • Subluxation 
    • Secondary joint disease

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X

 

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Y

Yorkshire Terrier

  • Color dilution alopecia
  • Degenerative valve disease
  • Dermatophytosis
    • Microsporum canis
  • Distichiasis
    • Two rows of eyelashes
    • Results in irritation and epiphora
  • Fatty liver syndrome
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hypoplasia of dens
    • Either hypoplasia of dens or its nonunion with C2 
    • Produces atlantoaxial subluxation
    • Onset about any age producing signs ranging from neck pain to quadriplegia
  • Injection reactions
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Legg-Perthes disease
  • Lymphangiectasia
  • Melanoderma
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Patellar luxation
    • Medial or lateral
    • Medial is more common
    • Tibial rotation on its long axis
    • bending of the distal end of the femoral shaft
    • Shallow femoral trochlea
    • Lameness at 4-6 months of age
  • Portosystemic shunts
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Tracheal alopecia

Return to Index.

Z

 


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Cardiology Listings based upon "Manual of Canine and Feline Cardiology" fourth edition 2008, W.B. Saunders

by Larry P. Tilley, Francis W.K. Smith, Jr., Mark A. Oyama, and Meg M Sleepe